Types of materials used for crowns and bridges:

Types of materials used for crowns and bridges:

The Role of Calcium in Maintaining Healthy Teeth and Gums


Dental crowns and bridges are essential dental restorations used to restore damaged or missing teeth. They are custom-made to fit your mouth and improve both function and aesthetics. One key consideration when getting crowns and bridges is the choice of materials. In this blog post, we will explore the different types of materials used for crowns and bridges, including porcelain, ceramic, metal, zirconia, composite, and combinations thereof. Understanding these materials will help you make informed decisions about your dental restorations.

  1. Porcelain Crowns: Porcelain crowns are a popular choice for their natural appearance and excellent aesthetic results. They can be color-matched to your natural teeth, creating a seamless blend. Porcelain crowns are known for their durability and resistance to stains. However, they may be more prone to chipping or cracking compared to other materials.
  2. Ceramic Crowns: Ceramic crowns are similar to porcelain crowns in terms of aesthetics. They are highly translucent, providing a lifelike appearance that closely resembles natural teeth. Ceramic crowns are known for their biocompatibility, meaning they are less likely to cause allergic reactions. They are a great choice for patients with metal sensitivities.
  3. Metal Crowns: Metal crowns, typically made of alloys like gold or silver, offer excellent strength and durability. They are highly resistant to wear and can withstand biting forces well. Metal crowns are less prone to chipping or fracturing and are ideal for molars or areas with high biting pressure. However, their metallic appearance may make them less desirable for visible teeth.
  4. Zirconia Crowns: Zirconia crowns are known for their exceptional strength and durability. They are highly resistant to fractures and can withstand biting forces. Zirconia crowns offer excellent aesthetics with their natural tooth-like appearance and translucency. They are a versatile option suitable for both front and back teeth.
  5. Composite Crowns: Composite crowns are made from a tooth-colored resin material. They are a more affordable option compared to other materials and can be customized to match the color and shape of your natural teeth. Composite crowns are generally not as durable as porcelain or metal crowns and may require more frequent replacement or maintenance.
  6. Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal (PFM) Crowns: Porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns combine the strength of a metal substructure with the aesthetic appeal of porcelain. The metal substructure provides durability and stability, while the porcelain outer layer creates a natural appearance. PFM crowns are commonly used for molars and areas where both strength and aesthetics are important.
  7. All-Ceramic Bridges: All-ceramic bridges, also known as full-ceramic bridges, are made entirely of ceramic materials. They offer superior aesthetics, mimicking the natural appearance of teeth. All-ceramic bridges are an excellent choice for replacing missing teeth in the visible areas of the mouth, as they provide a seamless and lifelike smile.
  8. Metal-Ceramic Bridges: Metal-ceramic bridges combine the strength of a metal framework with the aesthetic appeal of ceramic. The metal framework provides stability and support, while the ceramic outer layer gives a natural appearance. Metal-ceramic bridges are a popular choice for replacing missing teeth in areas where strength and durability are essential.
  9. Considerations for Material Selection:
    • Aesthetics: One of the primary considerations when choosing the material for your crowns and bridges is aesthetics. If the restoration will be visible when you smile or talk, you may prefer materials like porcelain or ceramic that closely resemble the natural color and translucency of teeth.
    • Strength and Durability: The location of the restoration and the forces it will be subjected to during biting and chewing play a role in material selection. For posterior teeth that endure greater biting forces, materials like metal or zirconia may be preferred due to their strength and durability.
    • Allergies and Sensitivities: Some individuals may have allergies or sensitivities to certain metals. In such cases, materials like porcelain or zirconia, which are biocompatible and less likely to cause allergic reactions, can be considered.
    • Tooth Preservation: The amount of tooth structure that needs to be removed to accommodate the restoration also influences material selection. Porcelain or ceramic restorations require less tooth preparation compared to metal restorations, making them a more conservative option.
  10. Longevity and Maintenance: The longevity of crowns and bridges can vary depending on several factors, including the material used, oral hygiene practices, bite forces, and individual habits. On average, well-maintained crowns and bridges can last between 10 to 15 years or even longer. Proper oral hygiene, regular dental check-ups, and avoiding habits like teeth grinding or biting on hard objects can help extend the lifespan of your restorations.


Choosing the right material for your dental crowns and bridges is crucial to achieving optimal aesthetics, functionality, and longevity. Each material has its unique advantages and considerations, including appearance, durability, biocompatibility, and cost. Consult with your dentist to discuss your specific needs and preferences, and they will recommend the most suitable material for your crowns and bridges. Remember, with proper care and regular dental visits, your crowns and bridges can provide long-lasting and natural-looking results.


How do I know which material is best for my crowns and bridges?

The choice of material for your crowns and bridges depends on several factors, including the location of the restoration, your aesthetic preferences, your budget, and your dentist’s recommendation. It’s best to consult with your dentist who will evaluate your specific case and guide you in selecting the most suitable material.

Are there any risks or disadvantages associated with specific materials?

Each material used for crowns and bridges has its own advantages and considerations. For example, metal restorations may not be as aesthetically pleasing as porcelain or ceramic options. On the other hand, all-ceramic or zirconia restorations may be more prone to chipping or fracture. Your dentist will discuss the potential risks or disadvantages of each material and help you make an informed decision.

Will my crowns and bridges match the color of my natural teeth?

Yes, modern dental materials allow for crowns and bridges to be color-matched to your natural teeth. Dentists use shade guides to select the most appropriate color for your restoration, ensuring a seamless blend with your existing teeth.

Select the fields to be shown. Others will be hidden. Drag and drop to rearrange the order.
  • Image
  • SKU
  • Rating
  • Price
  • Stock
  • Availability
  • Add to cart
  • Description
  • Content
  • Weight
  • Dimensions
  • Additional information
Click outside to hide the comparison bar